A criminal lawyer deals with “crimes against the people.” These kinds of crimes are prosecuted by the state or federal courts whereas a tort, or civil wrong may or may not be taken to court. Whether or not to pursue a civil case is up to the injured party involved. Even though the two types of offenses are treated differently, they are not totally divorced from each other. After a criminal case has been determined in a court of law the plaintiff can make a claim for monetary compensation from the defendant by seeking a civil court judgement.
Felonies and misdemeanors are distinguished by the penalties that may be imposed on the perpetrators of the crimes. A misdemeanor is considered a lesser crime and is not punishable by imprisonment. If a defendant is found guilty of committing a felony however he is liable to go to prison, or even face the death penalty. Further classification depends on the degree of the crime, and how and why it was committed. Some crimes are considered to be evil in nature while others are simply against the laws established by state or federal government.
Each state is empowered to set punishments for crimes committed within its boundaries with some restrictions that are defined in its constitution. Every state must comply with the laws as spelled out in the U.S. Constitution.
Everyone accused of a crime is entitled to his day in court. A lawyer will represent a client using whatever defense he considers most appropriate in accordance with the crime. Proper defenses are outlined by law. Insanity, self-defense and except in cases of homicide, coercion are examples of acceptable defenses.
When a crime has been committed there are certain legal procedures to be followed. If there is a suspect in the case he will be arrested and taken to a local or county jail where he will be photographed and fingerprinted. A judge will then determine if bail will be set and at what amount.
Depending on the crime, a grand jury hearing may be held to decide if there is enough evidence to warrant a trial.
Parker Lawyers is represented by attorneys experienced in various aspects of the law. Call for a consultation @ 303-841-9525.